DISTRICT PRIMARY  EDUCATION  PROGRAMME (DPEP)

 

DISTRICT PRIMARY  EDUCATION  PROGRAMME (DPEP)

 

PROJECT MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE

District Project Office

15 block resource Centres
225 Cluster Resource Cent

1102 Schools

29 Alternative Schools
Planning /Advisory Committees Monitoring Team
District Level District Level  District Advisory Board  / District Implementation Committee District Monitoring Team
Block  Level Block Advisory Committee Block Monitoring Team
Panchayath Level Village Education Committee   

Panchayath Monitoring Cell

School Level Parent Teacher Association / Mother Teacher Association School Support Group/   School Resource Group

 

ORGANISATIONAL SET UP OF DISTRICT PROJECT OFFICE

 

General Co-ordinator                                                       Academic Co-ordinator
Finance Cum Administrative Officer
Jounior Superintendent
Programme Officer (Pedagogy)
Programme Officer (Media)
Programme Officer (Operation)
Programme Officer  (Research & Evaluation)
Programme Officer  (General & ECCE)
Programme Officer  (IED)
Programme Officer  (Distance Education)
Mangement Information System

                      

                     ORGANISATION SETUP OF BRC's

General Co-ordinator                      Academic Co-ordinator

Clerk
Peon

15 Trainers

3 IEDC Resource Teachers

Objectives

1 Ensure equity and access to Primary education to all children in the age group of 6-11
2 Ensure 100 % enrolment & retention by 2001 AD
3 Improve the quality of Primary Education by 2001 AD
4 Promote Community Participation

Guidelines

Financial Others  
* Total amount that can be spent    40 crores The dPEP interventions are additional in nature
* Management cost 6% Local area planning :- No centralised purchase of materials to schools.  Purchase of learning materials according to needs of schools
* Civil works     24%
* Quality improvement  70% Period of the project:  7 years from 1994-95
* Atmost parsimony in expenditure
* Incentives other than text books are not allowed

Activities  undertaken  by DPEP

1. Access

* Opening new L.P. Schools opened 4 schools in tribal area
* Opening of Multigrade Learning Centres opened 10 in remote tribal area
* Opening of Alternate schools in 20 remote and backward areas. (Tribal & coastal)

 2.      Tribal & Coastal Education

* Enrollment  campaign with the help of volunteers and Panchayath
* Awareness programme
* Free supply of Text books to tribal children

3.      Quality improvement

* Recurrent teacher training on activity based pedagogy
* Onsite support to teachers through the visits of BRC trainers
* Monthly cluster meetings of teachers
* Learning aids grant @ Rs. 500/ per teacher
* School Grant fund @ Rs. 2000/ per school
* TTC training for potential SC/ST candidates
* Supply of teacher support materials such  as handbooks, activity banks etc.
* Monthly class PTA meetings
* Sahavasa camp

4.      Community Mobilization

* Village Education Committee: Formation of Panchayath Monitoring Cell (PMC) training for PMC
* Orientation for Parents

5.      Research & Evaluation

*Vaction Research Programme
*Conduct of studies at BRC  & District level

 6.      Planning and Management

*Orientation for school based planning
*Annual Plan Preparation through participatory process
* Meetings of Block Advisory Committees, District Advisory Board, District Implementation Committee.

 7.      IEDC

* Identification of disabled children
* Supply of aids & appliances
* Training to teachers
* Orientation for parents, People’s representatives

  8.      Girls Education

* Free Supply of Text books to girls
* Awareness programme
* Teacher sensitation programme

  9.      Distance Education

* Tele conference
* Supply of distance learning materials

 10.   Media

* Publishing of News letters at District & Block level
* District and Panchayath  level exhibition

 11.  MIS

* 3 Computers
* Dial up networking to all DPEP   District   & State Project Office
* System Analyst cum Programmer, Data Entry Operators
In every year MIS updating the school data base
In every month MIS develps the data of SOE (Statement of Expenditure) and send the same to SPO

 12. Civil Works

Additional class rooms 473
Toilets  107
Drinking water 73
Partition walls 368
Rented Building Replacement 19
New school building   4
Building for Multigrade Centres  10
CRC Building 62
BRC Building 15
Total expenditure so far as on 30-11-2001: 40.14 crore

DISTRICT BACKGROUND AND PROFILE

1 Introduction

Malappuram is a phase 1 district in the implementation of District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) in Kerala.   It deserves the credit of successful implementations of all the interventions conceived in the project.  90% of the total outlay of EFC cost has already been utilised so far is an indicator of the achievements.  Planned activities under civil work components have achieved 100%.  Generally,  in the field of enrolment & retention the goals arrived at have been more or less achieved, especially enrolment and retention of girl children.  District has made a major leap forward in the area of community involvement in primary education. With proud and pleasure this district can claim the very many success stories of convergence.  The Grama Panchayaths are voluntarily taking the initiatives for incorporating Primary Education Programmes in their annual plans.

 Trends indicate that the renewal process launched by the project in Primary sector has made a vitalising impact in initiating such changes in preprimary and upper primary,  which are the two ends of Primary sector.  In short, the project succeeded in making primary sector is a major agenda of the public with wide acceptance.

2. District Profile

The Malappuram District which was formed in 1969 is the largest populated district in Kerala comprising an area of 3550 Sq.Kms.  According to 1991 census the total population of the District is 3096330. The Sex ratio is 1054 female to 1000 males.  The district is a Muslim dominated area and is renowned for its social amity and religious harmony.   The total population of SC and ST are 8.3 and 0.34 percent respectively.  The total literacy is 71.9% and female literacy is 69.48%.  As many as 295558 pupils are studying in 1102 schools.  There are 100 panchayath and 5 Muncipalities, comprising two Edl. District i.e., Malappuram and Tirur.  There are 765 primary schools having std. I to IV  61 schools having std 1 to V , 249 schools having std 1 to VII and 22 schools having std 1 to X .  In addition to the above 10 MGLCs have been opened mostly in tribal areas and 237 children are admitted in these centres.  10 schools have been started functioning in 1995-96 under Area intensive of centrally sponsored schemes.

There are 8 un-aided schools.  3 types of Pre primary schools namely Anganwadies run by social welfare Dept, Pre-primary schools, attached to Govt Primary schools and run recognised  nursery schools managed by private agencies are functioning.  16 nos of Alternate schools have been opened during 99-2000 in order to enrol the pupils between the age group of 6 to 14 who have not enrolled in other schools.  There are 17 sub districts as follows.

AEO

Areacode

AEO

Melattur

‘’

Kuzhimanna

‘’

Vengara

‘’

Kondotty

‘’

Parappanangadi

‘’

Malappuram

‘’

Tanur

‘’

Manjeri

‘’

Tirur

‘’

Mankada

‘’

Kuttippuram

‘’

Perinthalmanna

‘’

Edappal

‘’

Wandoor

‘’

Ponnani

‘’

Nilambur

Total no of teachers in primary school is 9770.  Though 24% of the project cost have been spent for civil works a considerable no of schools in the District are still lacking accommodation facilities.  There are 15 BRCs and 225 CRCs, VECs are functioning effectively in 101 panchayaths and 5 Muncipalities.

The Block wise no of pupils , teachers, CRCs and VECs are mentioned below

Malappuram District at a Glance

Area 3550 Sq.Kms
Population 3629640
Literacy 70.90 %
Female Literacy 69.48 %
No.of BRC 15
No. of CRC 225
No.of panchayath 100
No.of Muncipality 5
No. of LP attached Primary Schools 1102
No.of students (std I  to IV) 295558
No. of  teachers ( std I toIV) 9770

Table- 1 B

Enrolment of children  - All communities

 

Standard Year
94-95 95-96 96-97 97-98 98-99 99-2000 2000-01
I 81279 79666 79959 73834 72351 70415 70273
II 85999 85749 84602 84142 78900 76585 76281
III 89027 85925 86091 84067 84076 78294 77358
IV 89105 88615 86428 85363 84713 83864 84075
Total 345410 339955 337080 327406 320040 309158 307987

 Table- 2

Percentage of Girls Enrolment in Primary

94-95

95-96

96-97

97-98

98-99

99-2000

2000-01

I

48.87

48.78

48.65

48.78

49.72

49.22

49.08

II

48.80

48.67

48.47

48.35

48.30

48.53

48.62

III

48.50

48.66

48.41

48.41

48.50

48.12

48.80

IV

48.50

48.34

48.68

48.48

48.30

48.35

48.15

 Table- 3 A

Enrolment of SC Children in Primary in Std I to IV

94-95

95-96

96-97

97-98

98-99

99-2000

2000-01

I

6164

6295

6301

5257

5066

5376

4967

II

6460

6489

6654

6596

5544

5505

5542

III

7056

6399

6450

6451

6278

5337

5396

IV

7041

7037

6473

6332

6340

6590

5586

 Table- 3 B

Enrolment of ST Children in Primary in Std I to IV

94-95

95-96

96-97

97-98

98-99

99-2000

2000-01

I

299

323

355

290

324

215

227

II

275

273

307

383

307

279

265

III

249

253

237

292

308

251

262

IV

220

217

217

251

568

267

243

1043

1066

1116

1216

1506

1012

2996

  Table- 4

Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR)

96-97

97-98

98-99

99-2000

2000-01

31.0

28.40

28.45

31.46

30.25

  Table- 5

Repetition Rate in Primary Classes

Class

95-96

96-97

97-98

98-99

99-2000

2000-01

B

G

B

G

B

G

B

G

B

G

B

G

I

0.2

0.21

0.20

0.19

0.20

0.21

0.13

0.13

0.15

0.17

0.06

0.06

II

7.5

7.9

7.38

7.56

7.41

7.80

7.44

5.99

6.65

5.27

6.67

5.12

III

8.01

7.9

7.65

7.76

7.83

7.87

7.30

5.60

6.87

5.22

7.03

5.24

IV

7.9

8.02

7.52

7.65

7.66

7.85

7.13

5.60

6.81

5.01

7.06

5.46

B=Boys,  G=Girls

Table - 6

Enrolment of Status of MGLC and AS of ST Children  2000-2001

Name of Centre

ST

SC

Others

Total

B

G

B

G

B

G

B

G

1.       

Cholara

10

11

0

0

0

0

10

11

2.       

Cheenkannipali

6

4

0

0

3

1

9

5

3.       

Madam

5

13

0

0

0

0

5

13

4.       

Vettilakkolly

13

12

0

0

0

0

13

12

5.       

Mundakkadavu

10

13

0

0

0

0

10

13

6.       

Mailadipotti

11

5

0

0

0

0

11

5

7.       

Vaniyampuzha

19

15

0

0

0

0

19

15

8.       

Chembra

13

12

0

0

0

0

13

12

9.       

Nedumkayam

20

21

0

0

0

0

20

21

10.    

Vennekkode

7

6

0

0

12

22

19

28

11.    

Kotteppadam

3

9

0

0

0

0

3

9

12.    

Kunnath

1

5

2

1

10

3

13

9

13.    

Perumpiladu

5

5

0

0

6

3

11

9

14.    

Narangapoil

5

5

0

1

17

20

22

26

15.    

Alakkal

9

9

0

0

0

0

9

9

16.    

Kodeeri

1

0

0

0

13

13

14

13

17.    

Chettippadam

0

0

0

3

7

6

7

9

18.    

Kallunda

13

10

0

0

0

0

13

10

19.    

Amarampalam

7

7

0

0

0

0

7

7

20.    

Meleperuvampadam

8

19

0

0

0

0

8

19

21.    

Pamampoil

6

6

0

0

0

0

14

13

22.    

Cherayakkad

0

0

0

0

9

11

9

11

23.    

Kalanthiruthi

0

0

0

0

10

41

40

41

24.    

Ossankadappuram

0

0

0

0

16

4

16

4

25.    

Ottumpuram

0

0

1

3

11

19

12

22

26.    

Korman kadappuram

0

0

0

0

11

8

11

8

Total

172

187

3

5

118

145

338

354

3.  Administrative Strengths & Constraints

Before the introduction of the Project the PTAs were functioning only for namesake in almost all schools.  Now the PTA/MTA in all the schools have been made fully functional and they are taking  a keen interest in the welfare of the schools as a self-managing system.  The SSGs also have a key role in carrying out and monitoring the school level activities.  Apart from this the SRGs are entrusted with the duties of looking into the academic activities of the school. There are 225 CRCs in the District.  One of the CRC heads is holding the charge of VEC secretary. There are 15 BRCs under the administrative control of Dist. Project Co-ordinator.  These BRCs are the main nerve centres  for providing Training to teachers.

  In order to assist the BRC co-ordinator for academic support one DIET faculty member is disignated as Academic co-ordinator and deployed in each BRC.  The BRC staff includes  trainers, I clerk and 1 Peon also.  There is a Block Advisory Board in each BRCs headed by Block Panchayath President as chairman.  There is a Block level monitoring cell.  There is shortage of trainers which is a major hindrance for rendering OSS.

 ¨      The delay in the flow of fund for the state has created certain lags in the implementation of different programmes time boundly.

¨      The existing project vehicles are being utilised for other purposes by the District authorities has hindrance the regular monitoring programme.

¨      The loss of actual working days of schools due to many reasons have presented the successful implimentation of pedagogical initiatives.

 The Dist, Project Office is functioning at Down Hill, Malappuram  adjacent to DDE Office Malappuram with 24 staff.  The details of sanctioned posts and staff position are given in Table 1 appended. The clerks in the Dept. are seems reluctant to come over on deputation .

  There is a District Advisory Board and District Implimentation Committee headed by District Panchayath President and Dstrict Collector as chairman respectively.

Planning  Process

DPEP  is a quality improvement programme in primary education targeted to be realised in a fixed time period. After the project period, the schools should be made able to continue and improve their own initiative and efforts. So our vision about the process of annual plan preparation is to make effective schools in all aspects hence we adopted a participatory planning process for developing the fresh plan for the following year.

 The planning process was done in two phases,

 Phase1 -  Preparing the ground

This includes training for the District Resource Group, Block Resource Group, Panchayath Resource Group and School Support Group.

A special issue of newsletter was prepared in order to make in the training programme.  This material has given a clear vision on undertaking educational programme by Grama Panchayaths in the ensuing years.

Phase2 -  Plan Preparation

This phase includes school level plan preparation (by SSG), Panchayath Education Plan Preparation (PEC), Block Education Plan Preparation and District level Plan Preparation AWPB 2000-2001.  In this phase the emphasis was laid on the following elements.

*        Appraising and improving the draft, plan document

*        Developing their own goals target and action point at respective levels

*        Preparation & plan document preparation

 Last Updated on 16-07-2003                                               TOP                    BACK